Offerings to Set

Historically, from what I can tell, Set was offered lettuce, pigs, beer, hymns, prayer

In modern times he’s offered the same.  Personally I offer him handmade art, dragon’s blood incense, and food. Unfortunately not as often as I should.

 

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30 Days of Set, Misconceptions

He’s Evil

Their are a lot of mistakes when it comes to Set.  The primary misconception is that Set is Evil.  He is often described as the Ancient Egyptian version of the devil.  His description as evil seems to have taken hold when Lower Egypt took over Upper Egypt, an event that appears to have been by force.  Then the Hittites invaded and were drawn to Set and it was really down hill from there.

More to come as I figure this out.

Day 8 of 30 days of Set.

Evolution of Set.

Set has changed a lot since humans first started worshiping him. Originally well respected throughout Egypt, especially in upper Egypt.  Overtime he came to represent the devil to many. Partly due to a combination of the Cult of Osiris gaining power, invasion by the Hyksos, and resistance to unification/takeover.

regional variations.

Bull of Ombos– Ombos  is the Classical name for Naqada, known to Ancient Egyptians as NBWT.  A governate in Egypt, Naqada was known for gold and was the main cult center of Set.  Now it’s known for it’s pre-dynastic  necropolis, the culture that created the Necropolis in is known as Naqada I-III.

Lord of Sepermeru. The North Egyptian border town was a cult center of Set.  Nephthys had a smaller, independent, temple next to “The House of Set”. Smaller shrines were dedicated to him in the XIX and XX dynasties.

To the boarder towns along the desert Set took the form of Lord of the Oasis.

Above right is a trace by Joan Lansbury. Set in his Asiatic form.  Left is Set as the Bull of Ombos.

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Set as a donkey in a Roman curse papyrus.

Image Sources are Jaon Lansberry

Names and Titles of Set. Day 7

Day 7 if 30 days of Set, the titles and epithets of Set.  Theseare only a few.

His names, other than Set are, Seth, Sutekh, Setesh, Setekh, Set-Typhon, Bawy, and Suty.

He is the Bull of Ombos. Lord of Sedges.  Limitless. Awesome of Form.

God of confusion.  Red Lord. Soldier on the Prow of Ra’s boat.

Slayer of his brother.  Lord of the Red Lands. Beast of Netjer.

Storm God. Lord of the Northern Sky. Dazzeling god. Lord of Thunder.

He is Great of Magic,  Guardian of Ra, Slayer of Apathy. Lord of Might.

He, Before Whom the Sky Trembles. Lord of the Oasis.  Mighty-of-Arm

Beautiful God. Master of the South. Lord of Tjebu,

“a man of an infinite number of cubits, whose name is ‘Evil Day’. As for the day of giving birth and becoming pregnant—there is no giving of birth and sycamores will not bear figs.”

Antewy(below)

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From _Symbol and the Symbolic_, by R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz, page 37

Sources:

The  God Set

Henadology\ Set

Songs for the Netjeru-Set

Image Source: Images of Set

Day 6 of Set

There are many similar deities to Set world wide.  The most famous are Typhon and Baal.

Typhon is a son of either Gaia and Tartarus  or Gaia and he anger at the gods for killing the Titans. In one hymn he is the son of Hera.  He is described as a huge, hundred headed, reptilian,  entity. His mate was Echidna with whom he bore Cerberus, Orthus, Hydra, and Chimera. Some sourses have them birthing more monsters as well.  Unlike most deities of the Greeks, Typhon appears to have been monogamous. He was eventually defeated by Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus , inside Mt Etna, or under the island of Ischia.  He is associated with Set through the Greeks.

Baal is a Semetic god who’s name may be unknown(Baal is a title meaning “Lord”) He is a god of weather, fertility, seasons, war, ans sailors. He is also the leader of the Phoenician ancestral spirits known as Rephiam.  He is mentioned multiple times in the Bible and has a demon named after him.  He became associated with Set when Egypt was conquered by the Hittites

Teshub is a Hittite/Hurrian dos of the sky and Storms.

Set’s family tree

Set is descended from Ra, Atum, or Atum and Iusaaset.

His grandparents are Shu- Personification of cool air.  Tefnut, Personification of moist air.  Set’s parents are Geb, personification of Earth. Nut, personification of the sky.

His siblings are Osiris/Ausir, ruler of the underworld. Isis/Auset is the goddess of wisdom, health, and marriage.  Nephthys is the personification of night, night, decomposition, and comforting the dead.  Is some traditions his brother is Horus the Elder/Her-ur, the god of light, the great Black One.

His nephew is Horus/Heru, god of kingship, sky, war, and hunting.

Anubis/Anpu is god of cemetery, embalming, guide of souls and the higher if the heart.  In some lore he is Set’s son, in others his nephew, Sometimes he is the son of Ra. There is evidence he is one of the oldest gods in Egypt.

 

 

Day 3 of 30-favorite story about Set

I only really know one about Set but I’ve seen bits and pieces of others.  One of these pieces is Set slaying Apep.

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What I know of the story is that, after the Gods decided Horus on Osiris’ throne and gave Set the desert, they enlisted Set to protect Ra as his barque passed through the underworld.  He was considered the only one aggressive enough to take out Apep/Apophis.  Apep wanted to swallow Ra and return the universe to darkness.

While the Ra traveled down the underworld river, Set stood at the prow of the boat. Ahed of his a swallow flew ahead in search of enemies.  When it saw Apep the swallow flew back ant told Set.  Set took up his harpoon and fought off Apep every night.

Image source: Joan Lansberry.com