Source: Rebecca Guay (1970)
The most common alternate name is Bacchus, his Roman title. they also called him Liber.
Other lames include Eleftaerefs “Deliverer”
Ernesipeplos “Wrept is foliage”
Agrionios “Living in the fields”
Agrios “”living in the fields, wild”
Aigovolos “Destroyer of the goats”
Aiolomorphos “Changing form”
Aisymnitis “Appointer of destiny”.”
Aithiopais”Child of the burnt land”
Akratopotis “inmoxed wine”
Alysius “cure for madness”
Amphietes “celepreated yearly”
Amphithales “flourishing on all sides”
Antavyis “sparkling one”
Anthefs “blooming/crowned with flowers”
Aonius Deus “Theban god”
Arritos “mind that can’t be understood”
Axites “worthy, giver of increase”
Osiris/Wesir. The Egyptian god Osiris is associated with Dionysus to the point that they were merged after the Macedonians took Egypt. He’s The husband.brother of Isis, brother of Nephthys, and Set. In some cases He’s brother of Horus the elder. Their parents are Geb and Nut. The reasons for the associations between the two gods stems from Osiris’ connection with agriculture and his rebirth, twice. Osiris is also the judge who dictated the fates of the dead.
Sabazios. The Thracian god Sabios is usually depicted as a hand covered with religious symbols.
Priapos. He began as a Mysian god who became Greek and then was adopted as an aspect of Dionysus. He’s easily recognized by his giant penis and small stature. He presided over the fertility of crops.
Tammuz. Tammuz is a Semetic god best known for dying and being reborn. He;s also an agriculture and vegetation god. He goes to the underworld as a replacement for Inanna.
Orotalt. A pre Islamic Arabian god.
Sacred Animals of Dionysus.
One of my favorite images if Dionysus is one of him riding a panther. According to medieval lore the panther was a big cat who gorged itself every three days then slept ot off. I can kind of see why it’s associated with Dionysus. Now it’s the name given to Puma, black leopards and Black jaguar.
The leopard is a member of Genus Panthera who are Listed as Vulnerable due to habitat loss and conflict with humans, who they have been known to prey on in bad times. It is an adaptable animal who lives from Deserts, jungles to inner city parks. There are up to 9 subspecies and some hybids with Puma(Pumapard), Lions(Leopon or maybe the cryptid Marozi) have been created.
Tigers are another member of the Panthera and an apex predator and endangered, 93% of their habitat is lost. There are 11 subspecies, two died off in prehistory(Trinil and Japanese) three were killed off in modern times(Javanese, Caspian, and Balinese). There are also hybrids like the liger and Tigons. Tigers come in a variety of colors The popular white, is a variant of the Bengal, it’s a recessive gene which means inbreeding is rampant, resulting in the death of most cubs as well as painful birth-defects. there are also stripe-less white and Golden tabby. Golden Tabbies are all descended from a single male. “Black”tigers are partly melenistic which cause stripes to blend together leaving varying degrees of orange. Maltese tiger is an unconfirmed variant of blue-gray tiger color.
The idea of the elephant being sacred to Dionysus was inspired by a book on ancient mystery cults. There are three species of elephant, African forest and bush, and Asian. Humans used elephants in war and still use them as beasts of burden, transportation, entertainment, and they are often killed, en masse, for their tusks which has contributed to their endangered status. Once a year male elephants go through Musth, which turns them ultra aggressive.
Sacred plants. Fruiting vines, especially grapes. Apples, Figs, Pine trees, Ivy, bindweed, cinnamon.
Sacred Birds. For me the crow, Raven, Parrots.
Regalia: Staff., crown of ivy or grapes. Chariot pulled by leopards.
Erik Vance on why big brains offer no advantage in the animal kingdom: brains that come in the smallest packages are just as adept at complex tasks as brains from exponentially larger animals.
Dionysus’ family tree his huge thanks to Zeus. Because of this I’ll start with his human mother.
Semele was the daughter of, Cadmus, founder of Thebes. Her mother was Harmonia, goddess of Harmony. To the Estuscian , Semia. To the Romans she is Stimula.
Cadmus, Semele’s father was Boeotian, a city-state in Central Greece. He was considered the greatest monster slayer. His sister was Europa. Agenor and Telapassa Are the parents of Cadmus. They are descended from Poseidon and Libya, princess of Egypt. Libya was the daughter of Pharaoh Epaphus or Apis and queen Memphis. Epaphus was son of Io and Zeus. Memphis was the daughter of Nilus, who was the personification of the Nile and makes her a river nymph. Talapassa may have also been a daughter of the Nile and a cloud nymph, Nephele. Nephele was created by Zeus.
Harmonia is the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite. Ares is the son of Hera and Zeus, making him Dionysus half brother. Zeus and Hera are the children of Chronos and Rhea who descend from Gaia and Uranus. Dionysus has countless siblings.
This is a double entry because I have no idea how Dionysus got my attention. That’s what the topic of day 2 is supposed to be.
Day 3 is may favorite story About Dionysus. That would be Dionysus and Ariadne. Ariadne was a Minoan princess, daughter of King Minos and sister of the Minotaur. She apparently fell in love with the Athenian, Theseus. She helped him kill her brother after he promised to take her to Athens. He took her as fer as Naxos before abandoning her while she was sleeping.
Dionysus found Ariadne and eventually they were married and had children. They were named Oenopion, Staphylus, Thoas, Peparethus, Phanus, Eurymedon, Enyeus, Ceramus, Maron, Euanthes, Latramys and Tauropolis. Sometime later Ariadne was either murdered by Perseus, A hAlf brother of Dionysus, or she hung herself . Some time after that Dionysus went to Hades and got her back.